Welcome in Varzuga
Part of Solovetsky Monastery property
Varzuga is situated on the most northern part of the White Sea
on Kola Peninsula, almost on the Polar circle. The village is build on the shores of Varzuga river and 30 km from the White Sea.
The first information about Varzuga is dated from 1419.
All live of Varzuga connects to fishing and before that on collecting river pearls from the river.
From the second half of the 15th century the Solovetsky Monastery had property in Varzuga.
The Solovetsky Monastery is build on the Solovetsky Islands in the White Sea.
In the beginning of the year 1490 Varzuga became a big village and counted over 150 houses.
Varzuga became trade and fishing centre even they had an own castle. Unfortunately the castle does not exist anymore.
In the middle of the 17th century the Moscovian Tsjaar confiscated some land from Solovetsky Monastery including
In 1674 the Uspenskaya Church was build (see photo).
This is the oldest wooden church (1684) of the Kola Peninsula and build totally
form wood without any nails. In the base of the church lays a plan of a cross.
Each of the four parts of the Uspenskaya Church makes an equal cross and each branch of the
cross measured 4 by 5 meters.
The big houses, sauna's, massive sheds, chapels, churches and cemeteries has the name Northern Village.
During many tours on Kola Peninsula we will visit Varzuga. We will visit the
interesting Uspenskaya Church and walk on the duckboards through the village.